In BJJ most of the techniques you practice involves being on the ground, but that raises a big question. How are you going to get them to the ground to do these moves?
You will need to know judo or wrestling takedowns to get them to the ground.
Although most schools curriculum focuses primarily on the ground aspect of the sport, it's important to learn how to get the match to the ground. In a BJJ competition, you typically start off the match standing - at which you either pull your opponent down to the ground or forcing them to the ground with a takedown.
By being able to mix wrestling or BJJ takedowns along with your judo throws will make you a multi dimensional grappler. You can attack your opponent in multiple ways and they won’t know how to deal with you. Knowing how to do various takedowns and throws will always give you the advantage, when you’re grappling from standing.
If you’re just getting into judo training to help your BJJ, you need to practice moves that are simple and effective. A good thing about judo (like in BJJ), the simplest moves are usually the best and most effective moves.
BJJ and judo go hand in hand and especially in gi, when you grips come in to play. You need to know basic judo throws and sweeps along with BJJ takedowns to advance your grappling game. Below are 5 basic judo throws to add your BJJ game that will make you a more effective grappler.
5 Basic and Most Effective Judo Throw
Ouchi Gari is one of the simplest, yet one of the most effective takedowns in judo. There are only three steps involved with this basic judo throw and you use basic grips. This simple throw is high percentage and would be a great addition to your arsonal of takedowns/throws.
The three steps involved are very simple to execute. You start the move with your traditional sleeve and lapel grip. The sleeve grip on or above their elbow and the lapel grip is high next to their neck.
Your first step is to the center towards the opponent as you snap the opponent forward. The next step is a back step behind your front foot as you bring your elbows in. Your front foot hooks behind their leg as you lean your weight forward to finish the takedown.
Ouchi Gari is one of the best takedowns in judo and is used by many top BJJ competitors. Here is Olympic judo medalist and BJJ black belt Travis Stevens breaking down how to do the Ouchi Gari.
The O-Soto Gari may be an even simpler takedown than the Ouchi Gari. This basic judo throw is very easy to execute and is another type of tripping takedown. Its name mens outer reaping throw and there is minimal risk in doing this throw since you don’t expose your back.
You start with your basic judo grips and then take your front leg and hook the opponent’s far leg. Try to hook the opponent around the area of their knee, where there is a gap of space. As you hook their knee, you pull their sleeve forward and push their head.
Doing these push and pull movements will lock your opponent’s weight onto the leg you’re hooking. After you get the hook, you hop forward and take your second step to get into position. Reap their knee again as you lean forward to finish the takedown.
There are only 2-3 steps involved in executing the O-Soto Gari and it is a very powerful and basic judo throw. Judo legend Jimmy Pedro details this simple throw down below.
Morote Gari (Double Leg Takedown)
A double leg takedown isn’t just taught in wrestling and BJJ. The Morote Gari is the name for a double takedown in judo much similar to what is taught in other forms of grappling. Morote Gari was essentially banned in judo competitions, but that shouldn’t stop you from drilling it for BJJ.
In wrestling and no gi BJJ, you just change levels, wrap the opponent’s legs, and put them on the ground. It’s a little different in judo and gi BJJ, because the gi is involved and your attempt can be stuffed with a collar grip. So, you need to break the opponent’s grip before shoot in.
Break their grip by grabbing their sleeve(both hands), stepping forward, and popping the grip off your lapel. Now, all you have to do is clear their and change levels like you would with a wrestling takedown. Wrap their legs, take an angle, and put them on the ground.
You already need to know how to do basic BJJ takedowns, so add Morote Gari into your practice. For a visual check out this video from Submissions 101.
Kata Guruma (Fireman's Carry)
Just like the Morote Gari, the Kata Guruma is another technique that is taught in various forms of grappling. The Morote Gari or fireman’s carry is a really effective takedown, where you pull your opponent onto your shoulder. You finish the move by either throwing or rolling the opponent over your shoulder.
You start with traditional grips and move the lapel grip to a sleeve grip on their tricep. The reason you take this grip is to trap their arm, when you shoot in and put them on your shoulders. Drop a knee between their legs and shoot under their hips to do this technique more effectively.
There are a few different ways you can finish this basic judo throw. In judo, you would stand to your feet and somersault and slam them to get the win. In BJJ and wrestling, you can stay on your knee and either flip or roll them over your shoulder.
Here is Jimmy Pedro again showing how to execute the Kata Guruma.
Finally, we have the Sasae Tsurikomi that looks complicated, but it is rather simple to execute. There are really only 1-2 steps not including the bait to get the opponent’s foot to come forward.
Start with traditional sleeve and collar grips and take a fake step forward. When you take a step forward this will make the opponent instinctively move putting them in position.
Take another small step forward will lifting the opponent up with your grips. Stick your other leg out to block their foot/ankle to take them over for the takedown.
Check out this other video from Beyond Grappling that demonstrates the technique with other setups.
Another great thing about these throws like most techniques in judo is that you can chain them together. You can fake like you’re going for one to set up the other or counter off a failed attempt. This is why judo is so effective and why you should implement its techniques with your Jiu Jitsu.
These are why these 5 are some of the most basic judo throws to add to your BJJ game. They are really simple techniques to execute and they feat easier once you put some time in practicing them. Knowing these really basic judo throws are really going to take your BJJ game to the next level.
Adding these throws to your game and you will see vast improvements to your overall grappling ability. They will make you a more complete grappler. Go drill these throws and see for yourself.